We live in a Universe that grows and changes like an intergalactic forest or brain. Life in our galaxy is a creative unfolding process; every “thing” that exists actually a dynamic self-organizing symphony of form, a cosmic dance in motion. Solar systems spinning, continents moving, societies arising, children moving and growing.
All of these creative systems in our lives (and the greater Universe) are interconnected and related to one another. Unseen forces of attraction keep natural systems together, influencing how the individual parts move and self-organize. A planet and solar system comes into being because of the force of gravity, families are held together by commitment and love.
Our body’s growth is guided by the DNA of our ancestors, it’s cellular systems running on energy from photons that journey to our planet from the sun. The whole Universe swirls like a three dimensional Van Gogh painting, held together by Einstein and Newton’s cosmic laws…
Of course, most people don’t usually think this way. Our cultural world views and values are focused more on social, economic and political games. We are rarely encouraged to pay attention to the interdependent relationships and synergistic processes that make up our lives.
In the most dominant “civilized” cultures our languages evolved to help us exert control over a dangerous and competative world. Our cultures tend to “objectify” everything we see, dividing interconnected systems and creative processes into rigid conceptual categories based on the idea that the Universe is composed of fixed independent objects and polar opposites.
The result has been akin to living with blinders on, wearing cognitive filters that make us powerful predators, but frequently block out essential information, diminishing our capacity for greater wisdom. Our leaders tend to ignore important holistic processes and connections that require our attention, respect, care and support (and that don’t respond well to manipulation). We’ve lost touch with the organic rhythms, natural intelligence, interdependence and unity of the world.
There are three transformational processes within the evolution of the Consciousness. These are, in fact, three levels of development.
At these different levels of development the state and functions of the Counsciousness show entirely different signs.
If we are aware of these characteristic signs, we may easily recognize what state of development of the Consciousness we are in: ordinary Consciousness, awakening or the level of complete freedom.
The Level of Ordinary Consciousness
This is the lowest level of the evolutional process of the Consciousness. Ordinary Consciousness is rooted in, and feeds on, past times. The present moment is less important for it, it is only a gateway leading to a future we long for. Future is nothing but an improved and beautified version of the past, a future in which we will be successful in the all the things in which we have failed in the past. For ordinary consciousness, only past and future exist, it lives in those and feeds on those.
In that state of Consciousness the appreciation and opinion of others are very important for us. We want to meet the expectation directed at us, we are pleased to play the social roles that are dictated by our community. We thrive to be good parents, a good husband or wife, useful employees and law abiding citizens. Our willingness to play these roles is caused by our complete identification with those roles. Our entire indentity is based upon those roles. We do not look for true answers to the question ”Who am I?;” we are content to be told that by others.
In the state of ordinary Consciousness, the dominant character of our life is the Ego; we wish to make it larger, brighter and more individual. That is why we are learning, gathering knowledge from others, until the end of our life, in the belief that we will thus become more and more intelligent. Still, we become less and less self-confident, and we do not have enough courage to face the challenges of life on our own. We therefore need a guide, a support. We do not long for complete freedom, we follow pre-determined rules and respect authority.
The Level of Awakening
The advent of that level is indicated by moments in our life when we wake up from our ordinary life, and recognize the reality that we in fact live in the captivity of our thoughts, emotions and social roles. Under the effect of those moments, a profound desire for freedom and truth arises in us. We then begin to search for the paths leading to the desired freedom. We intend to become more conscious and alert, to find the truth for ourselves about who we are and what our mission in the world is.
Love – used here as a term derived from the Indo-European and Sanscrit: The desire to be united with its Beloved. Love is the Action of Intelligence when expressed through the pristine consciousness. Any other expression is a demonic spirit of the fragmented energy (mind).
Pristine consciousness is content-less and so cannot of its own have an opinion or belief about anything.
Eons ago, at the cradle of humanity (and before civilization) pristine consciousness never had to doubt what passed before it. Other than the necessary steps to provide for the necessities of living, it saw no need for personal plans because it did not see itself as separate from its awareness. It trusted in its relationship with its Beloved (Intelligence).
Over the course of many centuries, the memory-senses complex was consumed with many images provided by the experiences of pristine consciousness. Through an unfortunate mis-guided turn, those images were effective in convincing (conning) the pristine consciousness that its responses to life’s challenges are self-generated. At the time, pristine consciousness was not realizing that behind the scenes a new phenomenon was un-folding, an aberration called, mind.
Mind is a myth, a figment of its own imagination. We as pristine consciousness are presently playing the role of puppet while the puppet master (mind) is pulling the strings. That was the beginning of the Fall as spoken of in ancient writings.
Humanity was cut off from its root (the whole energy) and since had to depend entirely on the fragmented energy (mind) for its daily bread (sustenance). We became as a voice crying in the wilderness of chaos, confusion and despair that was no longer being heard. We were cast out from the light of understanding from where we did not have to make choices concerning life’s challenges, to one of living in the shadows (mind) where our responses (as re-action) were understood by those who were like minded (the “blind leading the blind”). We are presently responding to life’s challenges through the mirror of abstract illusions that mind has concocted from what it has absorbed through its cultural environment. By the making of our first choice we were cast out from the garden of choiceless living (Intelligence) to one of making choices (mind). From choicelessness to choice we lost the Age of Innocence (freedom from guilt).
Why is it that only few are inclined to show interest in observing their present state? It is not mind that wishes to cancel the status-quo. That sensing is from the pristine consciousness. It is our identification with mind that is clouding our vision of seeing that only we can bring about our own transformation. Through the natural bonding with the whole energy, we have the ability to understand the cause of this alienation.
“If you need to visualize the soul, think of it as a cross between a wolf howl, a photon, and a dribble of dark molasses. But what it really is, as near as I can tell, is a packet of information. It’s a program, a piece of hyper-spatial software designed explicitly to interface with the Mystery. Not a mystery, mind you, the Mystery. The one that can never be solved.” ~ Tom Robbins
If, as Bill Plotkin wrote in Soulcraft: Crossing into the Mysteries of Nature and Psyche, “Once one has said yes to the call to adventure, the ego is securely in the grip of the soul, and the soul serves notice that the ego will not emerge unchanged,” then the soul must be a catalyst of great power, a force to be reckoned with, a force that drives the ego into the corner wearing a Dunce Cap while the soul fills up the room with numinous wisdom.
If you want to further visualize the soul, imagine the coalescence of a hot coal in deep snow, a singularity, and a kitten all wrapped up in its little blue purr. If you want to feel the soul, just pinch the sunset between your fingertips, lick the moonlight off your lover’s skin, or touch the crisp pages of a burnt bible inside a pink My Little Pony backpack.
But if you really want to dig deep into the guts of the soul, you’ll need cataclysmic forceps, a bowl of existential water, a scalpel sharpened by Death’s silvery scythe. You’ll need patience, Koch-curved time, the will to be a flicker of nothingness amidst a majesty of infinity. You’ll need love, salve, a plethora of masks, a spool of crisis stitches, sutures and wax. It will be an arduously Nietzschean task that will flabbergast your hearts all-too-serious tangle –for which you’ll need all the algorithms of paradox to untie the knots and unpluck the splinters of rebirth from the shattered mess.
But if you should make it through this infinite jest, this jokes-on-you, ludicrous tenderness, and if you are able to piece back together all the bones that make a spine, all the love that makes a heart, and all the ache that makes up the spirit, then you, my friend, will have discovered a laughter of the most-high, with a numinous transcendence that will make the gods sigh as they trip over their halos, righteousness, and plight. Who’s to say this cannot be Soul?
by Sonia Barrett
Reality is a series of concepts and ideas. To define it as such offers new meaning and new perceptions. A “concept” is defined as:
Merriam Dictionary: something conceived in the mind (2): an abstract or generic idea generalized from particular instances
What we experience as reality are these concepts and ideas crystalized into form. They are adjustable and alterable making reality a pliable experience. Endless expressions of reality are played out both on an individual and on a collective level. We become emotionally bonded to these experiences.
There is an occult source of power accessible to the individual. On the collective platform this degree of individual power is down played and overridden by a hive and borg mind program. There is tremendous misrepresentation in the promotion of collective or group power. There is no doubt that there is power in numbers but the fact is that a single individual who is fully invested in his or her power has the capacity to have an even greater impact than a group. Although this is disregarded, the fact remains that groups can collectively function in a lesser vibration than that of a single being. How is that possible? It’s very possible when the individuals of a group are diminished in their individual level of power. The word “Power” says it all; we are speaking of the electromagnetic frequency (emf) output; the level of vibrational output. This inner power emits a vibration or frequency, which is contingent on the degree to which we are aligned with the more expansive aspect of who we are. . How deeply rooted are we in disabling beliefs and programs.
Much of the “oneness” movement has encouraged and supported limiting interpretations and limiting programs. It is crucial to understand that for thousands of years we have been programmed to operate in a group capacity in support of the weakened state that we as humans now exist in. When “super-natural beings” became human, over time the powers once held gradually became weakened or lessened and eventually became a forgotten memory. Operating as a group then became essential both physically and mentally. Group function has less to do with our overall “oneness” in creation. We are filled with reasons and validations for certain actions and beliefs held. This does not mean that groups should be abandoned but instead they are strengthened by individuals standing in their own power and not solely dependent on the power of the group. The group mind formula often reduces individual strength and creativity as the individual conforms to the beliefs and guidelines of the group. We see this in our societies, in religious and spiritual group, support groups etc.
Life is vibration, and it is infinite. Everything is vibration humming at different frequencies. If you consciously knew how to shift your frequency, you could do the seeming impossible.
Your frequency is constantly in flux as you move through infinite realities. All potential exists here and now.
The conditioned mind has been trained to see the infinite parallel realities that we are constantly moving in as limited, which serves the purpose of flow and congruency. For most of us, each reality we move into is so similar to the one we experienced in the previous moment that it seems like time is needed to accomplish things, and that it is impossible to reach that which is “gone”.
Time is an illusion for the mind to play this game of here, there, and then. It’s all HERE and NOW. All potential (and “past”) exists in infinite parallel realities.
A fun example…
I’ve just returned from a one-month excursion on the east coast visiting family, and working. I brought my two favorite pairs of earrings, one on my ears and the other wrapped in a tissue in my wallet. I came down with a Big Cold the day before I left (you may see where this is going). At one of the airports on my way to FL, I threw out handfuls of tissues I had stashed everywhere, including in my wallet. It was two days later when the fog lifted from my head that I realized I’d thrown out my earrings.
I had an ache in my heart, as they were a sweet gift from a dear woman, and that’s where my energy was focused.
A week later while driving with my mother, my water container leaked and saturated her purse and my wallet. We took everythingout so things could dry. A couple of days later my wallet was back in order.
I was in the zipper pocket of my wallet MANY times since the tissue-toss in NY on April 14…my license, a credit card, a couple of buss cards, a safety pin, and no earrings.
About a week ago as I was working with a client, reminding him of our infinite nature and the infinite parallel realities that are simultaneously existing here and now, it dawned on me that my energy was focused on the loss of my earrings and not on the possible magic of finding them.
“In the modern age of production and consumption, in the age of money and power, the meaning of education has become distorted. The Latin root of the word education – educare – means to ‘bring out’, whereas the present implication of the word education is to ‘put in’.” ~ Satish Kumar
America — and the world at large — is in crisis. From education to the environment and how we relate to one another, most would agree, something needs to change — and quickly. As overwhelming as this state of affairs can be, Satish Kumar, a former Jain monk, long-time peace activist and ecological champion believes we can radically re-establish balance to our planet and its inhabitants with one straightforward idea. The key to such a metamorphosis? Our educational system.
Satish Kumar is best known for his 8,000-mile peace pilgrimage. Without money and relying on the helpfulness and hospitality of others, he and E.P. Menon walked from India to America, via Moscow, London and Paris, to present a packet of “peace tea” to leaders of the four nuclear superpower countries. For over three decades, Satish has been a significant voice of spirituality and ecology movements. He’s also a firm believer in the power of love and education to transform the world. His formula is exceptionally simple. So much so that we seem to have overlooked it completely.
“Hands, Heart and Head”
Through his spiritual discipline and love of all life, Satish is passionate about befriending planet earth — nature, animals, people and plants, the whole package. He emphasizes that we are not stewards of the environment, nor are we masters. In reality, we are a part of nature’s family. But we’ve become disconnected with our “civilized” and numbing ways. Instead of cherishing the earth and those that live on it as good friends, we’ve become adversaries — attacking, destroying and disrespecting. He believes one of the main reasons behind this lack of harmony stems from our modern educational model.
“Children are not empty vessels in which you pour information and knowledge. The word educare means to bring out, rather than put in. So all the knowledge, all the wisdom and all the insights which are required are already in every child, because every child is divine. The presence of the divine is there. It is like the acorn—an oak tree is already in that acorn. The work of a gardener is to find fertile soil where that acorn can be planted. The work of a forester or gardener is to build a little fence to protect that little seedling so that cows or pigs don’t destroy it, and perhaps to give it a bit of water in dry weather. But otherwise the acorn has the capacity to become an oak tree. In the same way every child is a potential Buddha or enlightened being—and the work of a guru, a master, a teacher or parent is to provide that fertile soil, to provide support and protection, so that the child can become who it is. The work of education is to help the child become self-realized—not to become a doctor, a lawyer or an accountant, someone that they are not, just to earn money. Education is a spiritual activity,” Satish told New Renaissance Magazine
We can bring out a child’s potential by cultivating a good relationship with them, which cannot happen in classrooms filled with 30 or 40 children, in schools with hundreds of students. Each child should be well-known by the teachers and staff. Satish also feels children should be involved in practical activities using their hands, like baking bread, making lunch, washing up. Every activity should be considered education, not viewed as a chore. Students can grow some food, use their hands in the soil. Making clothes, pottery, building a house, weaving — all can foster a balanced school environment. Sadly, these activities are rarely included as part of the curriculum.
By Dylan Harper
Negativity can be contagious, but it is positivity — and, especially, positive affirmations — that can really help us negotiate through our life successfully.
Trumped up back in the 1920s by leading French Psychologist Emile Coue, positive affirmations are said to bring a series of astonishing changes in one’s life.
Positive affirmations will help you shift your negative thoughts and rise beyond hurtful emotions, to something that is beneficial and helpful in your quest for happiness and wellbeing.
This process can also heal you of unresolved traumas and damaging memories, by simply shifting your focus and, consequently, the way you think and act.
We live in world where we try to impress everyone, we look up to people, we work for people and we do things to make people’s opinions about ourselves positive.
Despite our best efforts, we forget to impress the one thing that is most important to our success and wellbeing: our subconscious self.
It has long been a phrase associated with positivity that says “You are only as good as you think you are”. This is what positive affirmations can do in our lives.
The exercise of thinking you can do it, motivating yourself, believing you can achieve tasks that you know others are not able to, without having to make an effort, is a positive affirmation.
Making yourself believe in your own ability to overcome challenges, is all that is needed to achieve success.
Every child is fond of playing. Imagine that your parents take you to a huge playground which is full of exciting toys and children playing with those toys. You are also pleased to be involved, sit on the swing, build a sandcastle, test your skills on the climbing wall etc. You make friends with other children, or you fight a tug-of-war for a toy. You spend there days, weeks, playing absent-mindedly and enjoying the company of your new friends.
Then the time comes when you have tried all the toys, and you have made friends with all the children you have found worth making friends with. So you stop playing for a while, and take a good look around the playground for the first time. So far you have been so deeply involved in playing that you have not noticed that the playground is surrounded with a high stone wall, and you can neither see nor climb through it.
Now you also realize that you are not the only one who is interested in the stone wall. Several others are also staring at it, and some even try to climb it. But nobody succeeds, because the wall is too high.
You hear other children saying that there is an even more beautiful playground, with wonderful toys, on the other side of the wall. Others say that some children have been able to get through the wall, and they have sent messages from the other side. The message is that true happiness and a carefree existence is only found over there, on the other side of the wall. You soon find yourself under the spell of the wall. You are no longer interested in your favourite toys and your old pals. You are watching them with irony as they are playing devotedly, and they do not seem to have any idea that there is a much, much better playground over there with toys that we are not even able to imagine here.
You also do your best to get through the wall. First you try to climb it, but that is impossible. You try to break through it, but that is also futile–it is too thick and solid. Then you join forces with others, you organize joint action to beat the wall, but to no avail. In your final despair you even try to learn to fly in order to get through. Naturally, that is unsuccessful, too.
The purpose of Life is to Live! But upon arrival on this Earth it quickly becomes apparent that this is not the agenda. Ninety nine percent of what’s going on here is not about enhancing human creative potential, but about suppressing it.
It’s about stepping onto an invisible ladder whose rungs form the seemingly inviolable rules of a stagnant, pyramid posturing status quo. A status quo which has almost nothing to do with growing, but a lot to do with decaying. With becoming a well adapted slave in a world whose task masters are kings of a two dimensional sub reality.
That reality consists of a monotonous fixation on the acquisition of power, money, prestige and preeminence. A world in which a quite deadly lack of awareness remains the prevailing condition; ruthlessly maintained by a small cabal in whose interests it is to keep things exactly as they are, lest some unguarded rebellion should dislodge them from their imperious, sterile thrones.
However the life force is strong. It cannot and will not tolerate eternal repression. Wherever fissures appear in the status quo, it bubbles up and declares itself to be the messenger of truth. “This is our World. We are breaking free and shining a light on the path to be manifest.”
So what is it that is still holding back so many from actually making that illumined path manifest?
by Frank M Wanderer
You are awake, you are concentrating your attention to reading, and you are aware of your environment as well. You can see the furniture of your room, you can hear the call of the birds from the nearby forest. You are also aware of your thoughts and emotions. How can anyone claim that you are asleep at this very moment?
Naturally, you – just like everyone else – sleeps at night. Yes, sometimes you see dreams while you sleep, but right now it is daytime, you are awake. So how could you see dreams?
You Imagine a Whole World Around Yourself
I believe that you do not only sleep at night, but also during the daytime. I believe that in your present state of consciousness, your greatest illusion is that you think you are awake. I believe that in your present existence, your greatest illusion is when you think that you are alert. What I see is that in your present state of consciousness you are asleep, and at present you are dreaming, and what you see and hear are all parts of your dream.
Your nighttime sleep is only different from your daytime sleep in that in the night your dreams are less active. During the day, you imagine a whole world around you, and you play an active role in that dream. Your personal history takes place in that world, and identifying with that world shapes your personal identity.
At present, you are dreaming that as a part of your personal history you are reading these lines while identifying with the role of the spiritual seeker, and you are outraged by what you are actually reading.
The question may arise, ‘why do I claim that you are asleep and dreaming now?’. Well, from the state of consciousness I call Alertness, I can see that you are asleep, you believe yourself to be a separate self, you are a captive of the works of your mind.
In the thickets of this experience here on earth, it can feel sometimes like we are lost in a forest leaving breadcrumbs for ourselves down different trails as markers to map out our understandings. We don’t always see everything laid out neatly, and it can take us a few lessons with laps around the same part of the woods until we can feel that we have developed the necessary insight and clarity to enter a new chapter.
There is a core marker I use as a compass to help me gauge the internal and external reality — by recognizing the duality embedded within nature. If we can observe an instinct, emotion or quality through the lens of having both a positive and negative expression, we can build our discernment in any given circumstance to aid in reclaiming our sovereignty through trusting our inner sight.
Here are a few examples of how we can use this tool to better understand life:
Desire has a mixed reception for many walking a spiritual path. That’s because so many volatile things have been said about desire. But if we were to take up an unbiased examination of what role desire plays in our life, we would resolve that desire is the spirits wish to experience something. In an unadulterated way, desire is the fuel of existence. A yearning to be.
The negative expression of desire takes a turn down the wrong highway and blinds us as unruly cravings that have no end. The ability to be present with ourselves or satiated in this form of desire is a losing battle.
Also keep in mind the opposite effect, where we have renounced desire altogether and have a repulsion to the idea of us having desire because we have picked up some spiritual or religious teaching along the way that held desire in a negative light.
To attain the state of desireless seems to be a desired goal for some.
by Mary Rivas, Contributor | Waking Times
“How can I know who I am, when I am all this?” he said, sweeping the surroundings with a gesture of his head. – Don Juan Matus, Journey to Ixtlan
Early man, and seers like don Juan, conceived of their reality as multi-dimensional. They knew they held within themselves the very same elements as their surroundings. They knew they were connected with the stones, rain, wind, trees, plants, animals, stars and merged their consciousness with nature. They communicated with nature and lived by the wisdom of the Spirit that moves through all things.
The ancients saw their universe as multiple, with consciousness existing in myriad of layers, unseen to the eye of the average man; seen only with the inner eye of the seer.
Contrast this with our dominant belief in a ‘one-dimensional’ world view. We are taught the concept of ‘one’ way of being and ‘one’ reality existing at a time. This gives rise to separation from our surroundings and each other, to narrowing our vast talents into a socially accepted groove, to thinking in limited ways–to perceiving life in linear ways…
We can integrate spiritual truths into our daily life to expand our ways of thinking and empower ourselves. In my audiobook, The Warrior Spirit, I explain how we tend to limit ourselves with linear ways of thinking when it comes to financial goals.
A common trap, for example, is to think and feel that you will be happy only after you achieve your financial goals. This is a narrow-minded view that limits your power to manifest your heart-felt desires. That way of thinking implies that events have to follow in a certain order–first the financial success then the effect (happiness). The truth is it works both ways. Reality is non-linear. By being happy first, you can actually speed up the process of achieving your financial goals.
Another way we limit ourselves is by living predominantly in a beta mind state. Most people spend virtually all of their waking hours in this brain frequency state. The beta mind state restricts you to logical, linear and either/or thinking.
Beyond beta is the sub-conscious mind. Your sub-conscious mind serves as a bridge between the physical mind and the vast domains that are beyond it. In The Warrior Spirit, I explain the various layers of our sub-conscious mind–our “Spiritual Mind”– and how the different mind states are a map to the world of Spirit.
We are aware of the words Soul, Self and the Higher or Supreme self. We often mistakenly get confused and consider these three words meaning as same. But there is a fundamental difference in consciousness that these words represent.
2. Self may be described as Supreme self’s ray of light, which exists as the “light of life” in every living being. It is part of Supreme self and is therefore, identical in nature with it.
Just as the seed of a tree contains all the qualities of the tree, the atman also carries the qualities of the Supreme Self.
The word, atman means “the individually distinct entity,”aka, the self, in Sanskrit.
3. Soul, the individual soul, is the reflection of the Self within an individual; a “wave” that emerges from the ocean of existence and wanders from embodiment to embodiment. After a long process of development and experience, the soul returns to the unity of the Self.
The soul that has manifested itself in a form, however, does not identify with its divine essence but rather with its attributes, the physical body, the mind, the thoughts, etc.
What is the reason that the individual soul separates from Supreme Self? The cause lies in the principle of the ego. Here, ego means ‘the will to exist’; it is the aspiration for manifestation and self-expression in the sense of “I want to exist”.
Ego is the seed from which the variety within nature comes into existence. The difference in form is relevant only to the external manifestation and to the expression of consciousness and intellect – the essence, however, is the same within all, Self.
Just as the water in clouds appears to be different than the water in the ocean, in the same way the individual only ‘appears’ to be different to God. In reality there is no division – it only exists externally.
The individual follows the path set down by cosmic law, which has the same validity for all life forms.
The aim and purpose of life is in the ongoing development and enlightenment of the consciousness, which achieves its ultimate expression in the conscious union of the individual soul with the divine Self . The opening of the individual consciousness of the Soul to the all-conscious-existence of the Self is called enlightenment or self-realization.
The truth is our past makes up the foundation that we stand on in the future. I have met few great people that have not been through something tough. Realize that you have the power no matter how much your emotions and circumstances may seem to bind you, the greatness of your inevitable success will break you free.
Teaching philosophy in schools has shown amazing results for children’s cognitive and social skills.
When one thinks of philosophy, children do not usually come to mind. After all, it’s a field of study that requires deep thinking and understanding of life. However, a “large, well-designed study” conducted by the Education Endowment Foundation has suggested positively amazing results amongst children who were taught just an hour of philosophy a week.
The study shows that nine and ten-year-old children who participated over the course of one year greatly improved their literacy and math skills. What’s more, the students who benefitted the most were, in fact, disadvantaged ones.
The P4C (“Philosophy for Children”) teaching program was developed by professor Matthew Lipman in New Jersey in the 1970s to teach thinking skills through philosophical dialogue. It has successfully been adopted by schools in 60 countries, with documents supporting the impact it has on children’s cognitive, social and emotional development.
But how exactly does the program work?
The hour involves a structured session which begins with a stimulus. The children create their own philosophical questions based on the topic and then collectively choose one as their focus to discuss and debate on. The teacher encourages them to draw on their imagination and supports them on their reasoning and thinking, as well as listening to them when they share their thoughts.
So how can teaching philosophy to children benefit their development?
- The inquiry-based approach opens up children’s learning by exploring ideas
- It gives children the confidence that their ideas (as well as other’s) have value
- They gain confidence to openly ask questions
- It gives them a chance to speak and be heard without fear
- Intelligence and general knowledge improvement
- For the children who are academically shy, this gives them a chance to grow
- For the children who are academically gifted, a chance to think outside the box